Sarmizegetusa Regia (Sarmizegetusa Basileion) was the capital of the Dacian state, built in the middle of the 1st century BC. It is located near the current village Grădiştea Muncelului (Hunedoara county), on Grădiştii Hill, at about 1,200 m altitude. It is composed of three parts: the civil settlement, with the neighborhoods located on several terraces, the fortress and the sacred area. Around Sarmizegetusa, on the valley of the river Grădiştea, there were several civil settlements and clusters of houses. scattered among the great Dacian fortresses. In order to place the different constructions and ensure the space necessary for the extension of the settlement, the Dacians resorted to the technique of terracing the mountain slopes and where they were needed, the large terraces supported them with strong walls in the Dacicus murus technique.
Located in the old Romanian province of Transylvania, on the territory of Alba and Hunedoara counties, six Dacian fortresses together with the famous capital of Dacia, Sarmizegetusa Regia, represent an important part of the World Heritage. UNESCO. This place is considered a “testament” of indisputable value left by the Dacian ancestors.
Sarmizegetusa Regia was the capital of the Dacian State
At Sarmizegetusa Regia lived kings, high dignitaries, the capital of the Dacian state was located in an area naturally defended by the Godeanu mountains, and access to it from the Mureş valley was defended and controlled by the cities of Costeşti of many military towers located along the Gradistii valley. Once at Sarmizegetusa Regia, its appearance was truly grandiose: on almost 6 km long the southern slope of the mountain was cut into multi-storey terraces on which the houses stood, over which sat the walls of the fortress that rose on top of the massif, sanctuaries of large, all connected by a well-developed network of roads and water installations.
Sarmizegetusa Regia, the capital of the Geto-Dacian state, was also a sanctuary, spiritual center, necropolis and altar of the supreme god.
Zamolxis (Zamolxe) – was the supreme god of the Geto-Dacians, the god of the afterlife, the dead and the living, representing the underworld and the after life.
Three distinct structures were discovered during the archaeological works that started in the 20th century.
How to get there
By car and the most frequented access road is on the route started from Orăștie – Beriu – Orăștioara de Sus – Costești – Grădiștea de Munte. If you need something, it is good to get your supplies from Costesti, because the next 19 km are almost isolated, with very few houses on the side of the road. The road is very well paved in 2016 and the landscape is beautiful, finally reaching a spacious parking lot, where you have to leave the car (it is not paid). From this moment begins a short walk through the forest, on a road paved with cubic stone of about 10-15 minutes, climbing the slope that indicates Sarmizegetusa Regia 2km.
Recently, a large number of guesthouses and chalets have been built near Sarmizegetusa, from which tourists can choose if they want to spend more than a day in the area exploring the ruins that many consider sacred today.
Inside the fortress there is a source of drinking water, it is recommended to bring an empty container.
Program Sarmizegetusa Regia:
The ruins of Sarmizegetusa Regia can be visited between March 1 and November 30. Between December 1 and February 28, the site is closed; the visit being allowed at the request of a group of more than 5 people, only if the state allows weather and if the prior approval of the Public Service for the Administration of Historical Monuments is obtained.
Adults – 5 lei
Children, pupils, students and pensioners – 2 lei
The Dacian fortress, Sarmizegetusa Regia, is something unique, a place full of energy (recorded even by the camera at least 5.06 in the Youtube video), which I recommend you visit at least once in your life, I can say that it even rivals Stonehenge but does not benefit from the same promotion.
Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England